The rapid economic growth of the People's Republic of China (PRC) particularly in the last decade and its consequent high transport demand are straining the country's transport system. Despite the Government's efforts to increase the country's transport capacity, serious constraints and bottlenecks remain, especially in the road sector. The Government addresses road sector problems through the 20-year development plan (1991-2010) for the 35,000 kilometer (km) National Trunk Highway System. The Yunnan Expressway Project (the Project) is part of the system. The Yunnan Provincial Communications Department (YPCD) carried out a feasibility study for the Project, and in November 1993, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) approved a project preparatory technical assistance (TA) to update and refine the feasibility study, including the environmental impact assessment and resettlement plan. ADB approved a loan of $150 million for the Project from its ordinary capital resources on 29 September 1994. The Loan Agreement was signed on 22 February 1995 and the loan declared effective on 18 May 1995.
Progress (as of March 2021)Project closed
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- Affected families were resettled and enjoying better housing conditions, improved water supply, better access to electricity, efficient and timely access to large cities for purchase of farming supplies, jobs during the nonfarming season, and improved access to social services such as schools and hospitals.
- Small farmers can now dispatch their products to distant and even foreign markets. Approximately 400,000 people, or nearly 20% of the population in the six on-route counties, benefited from the feeder roads.
- The number of accidents on the project expressway declined from 254 in 1999 to 152 in 2000.
- The number of tourists in the project area were quintupled.
- Between 1994 and 2000, gross domestic product in the six municipalities and counties increased by 1.9 times on average, ranging from 1.52 to 2.48, while the national average was 1.4. Increase of average per capita real income in the project area between 1994 and 2000 was 54.6% on average.