Agriculture in the Greater Mekong Subregion


Agriculture is an important engine of economic growth and poverty reduction in the Greater Mekong Subregion.

Agriculture is the backbone of the Greater Mekong Subregion’s economies. With over 60% of the subregion’s 332 million inhabitants engaged in small-scale agriculture, it directly supports the livelihoods of nearly 200 million people.

While agriculture is the cornerstone of many families’ livelihoods, it is also exacting a toll on the environment, contributing to forest and biodiversity loss, water pollution and shortages, soil degradation, and greenhouse gas emissions.

People and governments in the Greater Mekong Subregion are working to develop agricultural practices that simultaneously conserve land and water resources, while at the same time increasing the productivity and profitability of agriculture, particularly for small-scale farmers.

Learn how the Greater Mekong Subregion is improving food safety and trade. Read the article.

Countries are pooling resources and expertise to increase the competitiveness of their agricultural products and encourage investment in agribusiness, while at the same time conserving the environment and natural resources. This involves research and technology that emphasizes climate-friendly agricultural development, including participation by the private sector with a focus on food security.

This work is being guided by the Core Agriculture Support Program Phase II (CASP II) 2011-2020, supported by the Government of Sweden (Sida), Nordic Development Fund, Water Financing Partnership Facility, and Asian Development Bank.

Learn more:
Core Agriculture Support Program Phase I (2006-2010)
Core Agriculture Support Program Phase II (2011-2015)
Summary of Proceedings of the Working Group on Agriculture
GMS Working Group on Agriculture website